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Gold Pahlavi

1960 Iran 1 Pahlavi Gold
( 100 Rials )

.900 Gold

Persia became a powerful empire under Cyrus the Great between 600 and 529 BC. In 546 BC it captured Sardis in Lydia which was the home of King Croesus and the first ever coins. Following this capture Persia started to produce it own coins, probably minting them in Sardis. When Darius I came to the throne in 521 BC, he issued gold coins which became famous as "Darics" or archers. The obverse design of these showed the king in a running kneeling position holding a spear and a bow. In 330 BC, Darius was captured by Alexander the Great of Macedon, and the great days of the Persian Empire ended. Since then Persia has had a checkered history being conquered by Assyrians, Medes, Macedonians, Seljuks, Turks and Mongols, but has retained much of its own character. Persia converted from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy in 1906. In 1921, Reza Khan took power in a bloodless coup, and in 1925 caused himself to be elected as Shah. His son Shahpur Mohammed Reza following him in 1926. In 1931 the Kingdom of Persia changed its name to the Kingdom of Iran, and in 1979, the monarchy was overthrown and Persia became the Islamic Republic of Iran.

1960 Iran 1 Pahlavi Gold Coin Reverse

1960 Iran 1 Pahlavi Gold Coin Obverse
Mintage
847,000

The obverse has a left facing bust of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi with the legend in Persian script and the date
Persia, as with most Muslim countries, used the Moslem lunar calendar until March 25th 1925, when it switched to a solar one. From 1976 to 1978, it changed to a monarchical calendar system, before reverting to the previous solar one.
This coin, (as far as I can make out), is dated on the solar calendar SH 1339
The reverse has the royal arms of a crowned lion holding a sword and a brilliant sun and script within a half wreath.


Specifications


Sources

Composition: .900 Gold
Gold Content: 0.2354 oz
Edge: Reeded
Weight: 8.136 grams
Size: 22.0 mm
Chard Tax Free Gold

Worldwide Numismatics Website

Gold Coins of the World
From 600AD to Present

Robert Frieburg, Arthur and Ira S. Friedburg
1980
The Coin and Currency Institute, Inc.
116 West 32nd Street
New York, 10001


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