Australian Silver Florins
Issued From:1910 - 1963
Dates Not Issued:
1920, 1929, 1930, 1937,
1948, 1949, 1950, 1955.
|The series commenced in 1910 with a single year of issue bearing
the effigy of Edward VII.
The early coins of the series were all minted in London but some of the 1914 & 1915 issues were sub-contracted to Heaton & Sons of Birmingham. The Birmingham coins can be identified by the mintmark H under the date on the reverse. In 1916 the Melbourne mint assumed the manufacture of most florins.
The 1932 florin is the scarcest in the series, closely followed by 1914 H and 1915. The latter two are very rare in higher grades. Other scarce dates in higher grades are 1910, 1914, 1926 1927 and 1939.
The relatively large size and weight of the florin, combined with prominent unprotected fields in the design, make the coin susceptible to bag marks, nicks and scratches in the manufacturing process before the coins even reached circulation.
The florin is the most widely collected of the pre-decimal coin denominations.
Four commemorative Florins were issued during the 53 years in which Australian Florins were minted. They were the 1927 Parliament House Opening, the 1934-35 Melbourne Centenary, the 1951 50th Anniversary of Federation and the 1954 Royal Visit
|The series commenced in 1910 with a single year of issue bearing the effigy of Edward VII the florins, sixpence and threepence arriving 1st October 1910, nearly five months after King Edward VII died.|
1911 - 1936
|King Edward VII died on 6th May 1910 and George V assumed the
British throne. Australian Florins bearing George V's effigy were minted in London,
Melbourne and Sydney during the years 1911 to 1936 with the legend:
GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT : OMN : REX F.D. IND : IMP
|1924||Melb / Sydney||1,583,000|
|1925||Melb / Sydney||2,960,000|
|1926||Melb / Sydney||2,487,000|
1938 - 1952
|During World War II, the quality of striking for most coins
deteriorated. There were a number of reasons for this. Less care was taken in the
preparation of the dies, the dies were used in longer production runs before being
replaced, and quality controls were relaxed as more pressing matters of war took
George VI oversaw many changes to our coinage during his reign,the Arms of Australia which had adorned the reverse of all the silver issues since 1910 had been obsolete since 1912 and was being replaced. Starting in 1938, Florins were minted with a new reverse design featuring the Australian Coat of Arms with a more stylistic kangaroo and emu, in 1946 the silver content on all Australian coins was reduced from 92.5% to 50% to help in paying back the massive war debt and India became an independent nation in 1947, prompting a change to the legend on the obverse from 1951 onwards.
For the years 1938 to 1948, the obverse legend was:
GEORGIVS VI : D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP
|1946||Melbourne||First 50% Silver||23,222,000|
|From 1950 onwards IND IMP was eliminated from the legend,
(necessary because India became an independent nation in 1947) and F.D. was expanded
GEORGIVS VI : D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF
1953 - 1963
|With George VI's death, his eldest daughter, Elizabeth,
became Queen in 1953. The obverse design for subsequent shillings was by Mary Gillick and
depicted Elizabeth II facing to the right. The reverse design introduced in 1938 continued
in use until the cessation of minting in 1963. For the years 1953 and 1954, the obverse
ELIZABETH . II. DEI. GRATIA. REGINA +
|The deletion of the religious title F:D: ( Defender of the
Faith) caused such controversy that for the years 1955 to 1963, the obverse legend was:
ELIZABETH . II. DEI. GRATIA. REGINA. F: D: +
Commemorative IssuesFour commemorative Florins were issued during the 53 years in which Australian Florins were minted.